After winning initial approval for the project in October, Apple has now won final approval to go ahead and construct its ambitious ‘Spaceship’ campus 2. As part of the agreement Apple will increase the amount of taxes it pays to the City of Cupertino by way of a decreases in sales tax rebates Apple receives.

Construction of phase 1 should be complete by 2016 and will include the iconic 2.4 million square-foot main building, underground parking structure, a fitness centre and an auditorium. Campus 2 is to be environmentally friendly with 80% green space, efficient water and landscaping and a large amount of its power coming from solar and fuel cell sources.

Source: Macrumors


    







Source: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/TheIphoneBlog/~3/N9fJ7G5LmLk/story01.htm
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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

14-Nov-2013

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Contact: Jerica Pitts
jpitts@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America


Updated HIVMA Guidelines indicate doctors should focus on common health conditions

[EMBARGOED FOR NOV. 14, 2013, ARLINGTON, Va.] The HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has updated its HIV care guidelines to reflect the fact that people with HIV are now living normal life spans, and their physicians need to focus on preventive care, including screening for high cholesterol, diabetes and osteoporosis.

“In many HIV practices now, 80 percent of patients with HIV infection have the virus under control and live long, full lives. This means that HIV specialists need to provide the full spectrum of primary care to these patients, and primary care physicians need a better grasp of the impact HIV care has on routine healthcare,” said Judith A. Aberg, MD, lead author of the guidelines and director of the Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology at the New York University School of Medicine. “Doctors need to tell their HIV-infected patients, ‘Your HIV disease is controlled and we need to think about the rest of you.’ As with primary care in general, it’s about prevention.”

“Primary Care Guidelines for the Management of Persons Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus,” an update on HIVMA’s 2009 guidelines, will appear in print in January in Clinical Infectious Diseases. Reflecting changes in the HIV landscape, the guidelines note patients whose HIV is under control should have their blood monitored for levels of the virus every six to 12 months, rather than every three to four months as previously recommended.

People with HIV are at increased risk for common health conditions, such as high cholesterol and triglycerides, due to the infection itself, ART or traditional risk factors such as smoking and eating unhealthy foods, and doctors must be vigilant about monitoring those levels.

The guidelines include new recommendations for screening for diabetes, osteoporosis and colon cancer, and suggest patients with HIV infection should be vaccinated against pneumococcal infection, influenza, varicella and hepatitis A and B. A table outlining interactions between specific antiretrovirals and statins (the medications commonly used for lipid management) is also included. There also is a more robust section on sexually transmitted diseases, including a recommendation for annual screening of trichomoniasis in women and yearly screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia for all who may be at risk.

The guidelines authors note that doctors should consistently discuss and counsel patients on their sexual history (current and past) and any risky behaviors, such as the use of illicit drugs, in a nonjudgmental manner and determine how patients are coping with living with HIV infection and if they have a sufficient support network.

HIV-infected patients typically are seen by an HIV specialist or a primary care physician. HIV specialists need to be familiar with primary care issues, and primary care physicians need to be familiar with HIV care recommendations and these guidelines are designed to bridge both gaps, said Dr. Aberg.

“Patients whose HIV is under control might feel they don’t need to see a doctor regularly, but adherence is about more than just taking ART regularly; it’s also about receiving regular primary care,” she said. “These guidelines are designed to help ensure patients with HIV infection live long and healthy lives.”

Nearly 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV and approximately 50,000 people are infected each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

###

The six-member HIV guidelines update panel includes specialists in internal medicine, pediatrics and infectious diseases. In addition to Dr. Aberg, the panel includes: Joel E. Gallant, MD, Khalil G. Ghanem, MD, Patricia Emmanuel, MD, Barry S. Zingman, MD, and Michael A. Horberg, MD. As with other IDSA guidelines, the HIV guidelines update will be available in mobile device and pocket-sized quick-reference editions. These and other guideline related products will be made available on the IDSA website at http://www.idsociety.org.

Note: For an advance copy of the HIV guidelines update, to be published in a January issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, please contact Jerica Pitts at (312) 558-1770 or jpitts@pcipr.com. The guidelines are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. EDT on Nov. 14.


Founded in 1979, Clinical Infectious Diseases publishes clinical articles twice monthly in a variety of areas of infectious disease, and is one of the most highly regarded journals in this specialty.

The HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) is the professional home for more than 5,000 physicians, scientists, and other health care professionals dedicated to the field of HIV/AIDS. Nested within the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), HIVMA promotes quality in HIV care and advocates policies that ensure a comprehensive and humane response to the AIDS pandemic informed by science and social justice. For more information, visit http://www.hivma.org.

The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) is an organization of physicians, scientists, and other health care professionals dedicated to promoting health through excellence in infectious diseases research, education, patient care, prevention, and public health. The Society, which has nearly 10,000 members, was founded in 1963 and is based in Arlington, Va. For more information, see http://www.idsociety.org.



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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

14-Nov-2013

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Contact: Jerica Pitts
jpitts@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America


Updated HIVMA Guidelines indicate doctors should focus on common health conditions

[EMBARGOED FOR NOV. 14, 2013, ARLINGTON, Va.] The HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has updated its HIV care guidelines to reflect the fact that people with HIV are now living normal life spans, and their physicians need to focus on preventive care, including screening for high cholesterol, diabetes and osteoporosis.

“In many HIV practices now, 80 percent of patients with HIV infection have the virus under control and live long, full lives. This means that HIV specialists need to provide the full spectrum of primary care to these patients, and primary care physicians need a better grasp of the impact HIV care has on routine healthcare,” said Judith A. Aberg, MD, lead author of the guidelines and director of the Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology at the New York University School of Medicine. “Doctors need to tell their HIV-infected patients, ‘Your HIV disease is controlled and we need to think about the rest of you.’ As with primary care in general, it’s about prevention.”

“Primary Care Guidelines for the Management of Persons Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus,” an update on HIVMA’s 2009 guidelines, will appear in print in January in Clinical Infectious Diseases. Reflecting changes in the HIV landscape, the guidelines note patients whose HIV is under control should have their blood monitored for levels of the virus every six to 12 months, rather than every three to four months as previously recommended.

People with HIV are at increased risk for common health conditions, such as high cholesterol and triglycerides, due to the infection itself, ART or traditional risk factors such as smoking and eating unhealthy foods, and doctors must be vigilant about monitoring those levels.

The guidelines include new recommendations for screening for diabetes, osteoporosis and colon cancer, and suggest patients with HIV infection should be vaccinated against pneumococcal infection, influenza, varicella and hepatitis A and B. A table outlining interactions between specific antiretrovirals and statins (the medications commonly used for lipid management) is also included. There also is a more robust section on sexually transmitted diseases, including a recommendation for annual screening of trichomoniasis in women and yearly screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia for all who may be at risk.

The guidelines authors note that doctors should consistently discuss and counsel patients on their sexual history (current and past) and any risky behaviors, such as the use of illicit drugs, in a nonjudgmental manner and determine how patients are coping with living with HIV infection and if they have a sufficient support network.

HIV-infected patients typically are seen by an HIV specialist or a primary care physician. HIV specialists need to be familiar with primary care issues, and primary care physicians need to be familiar with HIV care recommendations and these guidelines are designed to bridge both gaps, said Dr. Aberg.

“Patients whose HIV is under control might feel they don’t need to see a doctor regularly, but adherence is about more than just taking ART regularly; it’s also about receiving regular primary care,” she said. “These guidelines are designed to help ensure patients with HIV infection live long and healthy lives.”

Nearly 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV and approximately 50,000 people are infected each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

###

The six-member HIV guidelines update panel includes specialists in internal medicine, pediatrics and infectious diseases. In addition to Dr. Aberg, the panel includes: Joel E. Gallant, MD, Khalil G. Ghanem, MD, Patricia Emmanuel, MD, Barry S. Zingman, MD, and Michael A. Horberg, MD. As with other IDSA guidelines, the HIV guidelines update will be available in mobile device and pocket-sized quick-reference editions. These and other guideline related products will be made available on the IDSA website at http://www.idsociety.org.

Note: For an advance copy of the HIV guidelines update, to be published in a January issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, please contact Jerica Pitts at (312) 558-1770 or jpitts@pcipr.com. The guidelines are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. EDT on Nov. 14.


Founded in 1979, Clinical Infectious Diseases publishes clinical articles twice monthly in a variety of areas of infectious disease, and is one of the most highly regarded journals in this specialty.

The HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) is the professional home for more than 5,000 physicians, scientists, and other health care professionals dedicated to the field of HIV/AIDS. Nested within the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), HIVMA promotes quality in HIV care and advocates policies that ensure a comprehensive and humane response to the AIDS pandemic informed by science and social justice. For more information, visit http://www.hivma.org.

The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) is an organization of physicians, scientists, and other health care professionals dedicated to promoting health through excellence in infectious diseases research, education, patient care, prevention, and public health. The Society, which has nearly 10,000 members, was founded in 1963 and is based in Arlington, Va. For more information, see http://www.idsociety.org.



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Source: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-11/idso-pck111313.php
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Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center



In addition to the fierce winds and powerful surge, Haiyan brought copious amounts of rainfall to the central Philippines along with Tropical Storm 30W and another tropical disturbance (90w), which all passed through the the central Philippines within in the past ten days. The combined rainfall from these tropical cyclones is shown in the TRMM-based, near-real time Multi-satellite Precipitation data (TMPA) analysis shown above during the period from November 2-12, 2013 (first image to the right). It shows that most of the island of Leyte had rainfall totals greater than 500mm (~19.7 inches, dark red) with a peak amount of over 685 mm (~27 inches, lighter purple) located over the southeast corner of the island.

Peak and average rainfall over the central Philippines (second image to the right) shows that despite being far less intense, Tropical Storm Thirty, which preceded Super Typhoon Haiyan by about three days, produced similar peak rain intensities (shown in red) and over a similar duration, but less average rainfall (shown in blue) than Haiyan.



The remnants of what was once Tropical Storm Thirty (30W) over the Philippines have made there way into the Bay of Bengal after dropping heavy rainfall over Indochina.

Tropical Depression 30W (Thirty) is now poised to bring rainfall to parts of India.

The image on the left shows a TRMM satellite view of rainfall with the newly energized tropical disturbance in the Bay of Bengal on November 13, 2013 at 10:15 UTC. TRMM’s Microwave Imager (TMI) and Precipitation Radar (PR) instruments found rain falling at a rate of over 81 mm/hr (~3.2 inches) in convective storms at 11.0N 85.2W near the center of the tropical disturbance. The image on the right shows a 3-D view of 30W using data from TRMM’s Precipitation Radar (PR) instrument. TRMM’s PR found that a few of the powerful convective storms near the center of the tropical depression were reaching heights of 15.5 km (~9.6 miles).

TRMM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese space agency JAXA.

###

Text credit: Hal Pierce and Steve Lang, SSAI/NASA GSFC

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center



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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

14-Nov-2013

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Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center



In addition to the fierce winds and powerful surge, Haiyan brought copious amounts of rainfall to the central Philippines along with Tropical Storm 30W and another tropical disturbance (90w), which all passed through the the central Philippines within in the past ten days. The combined rainfall from these tropical cyclones is shown in the TRMM-based, near-real time Multi-satellite Precipitation data (TMPA) analysis shown above during the period from November 2-12, 2013 (first image to the right). It shows that most of the island of Leyte had rainfall totals greater than 500mm (~19.7 inches, dark red) with a peak amount of over 685 mm (~27 inches, lighter purple) located over the southeast corner of the island.

Peak and average rainfall over the central Philippines (second image to the right) shows that despite being far less intense, Tropical Storm Thirty, which preceded Super Typhoon Haiyan by about three days, produced similar peak rain intensities (shown in red) and over a similar duration, but less average rainfall (shown in blue) than Haiyan.



The remnants of what was once Tropical Storm Thirty (30W) over the Philippines have made there way into the Bay of Bengal after dropping heavy rainfall over Indochina.

Tropical Depression 30W (Thirty) is now poised to bring rainfall to parts of India.

The image on the left shows a TRMM satellite view of rainfall with the newly energized tropical disturbance in the Bay of Bengal on November 13, 2013 at 10:15 UTC. TRMM’s Microwave Imager (TMI) and Precipitation Radar (PR) instruments found rain falling at a rate of over 81 mm/hr (~3.2 inches) in convective storms at 11.0N 85.2W near the center of the tropical disturbance. The image on the right shows a 3-D view of 30W using data from TRMM’s Precipitation Radar (PR) instrument. TRMM’s PR found that a few of the powerful convective storms near the center of the tropical depression were reaching heights of 15.5 km (~9.6 miles).

TRMM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese space agency JAXA.

###

Text credit: Hal Pierce and Steve Lang, SSAI/NASA GSFC

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center



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Source: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-11/nsfc-lsu111413.php
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Today is apparently the day where Microsoft turns into Oprah: You get a copy of Killer Instinct on Xbox One! And you get a copy of Killer Instinct on Xbox One! And just like Oprah, Microsoft’s dispersal of said free game is seemingly at random. According to the official Xbox Twitter account, the …

Source: http://feeds.engadget.com/~r/weblogsinc/engadget/~3/qqx6TUS-xZo/
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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

8-Nov-2013

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Contact: Talia S. Ogliore
togliore@hawaii.edu
808-956-4531
University of Hawaii at Manoa


New charged charmonium-like states observed at BESIII


An international team of high-energy physicists says the discovery of an electrically charged subatomic particle called Zc(4020) is a sign that they have begun to unveil a whole new family of four-quark objects.

The Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) collaboration, which includes scientists from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, previously announced the discovery of a mysterious four-quark particle called Zc(3900) in April 2013.

“While quarks have long been known to bind together in groups of twos or threes, these new results seem to be quickly opening the door to a previously elusive type of four-quark matter,” said Frederick Harris, a professor of physics and astronomy at UH M?noa, and a spokesman for the BESIII experiment. “The unique data sample collected by the BESIII collaboration has continued to yield a stream of clues about the nature of multi-quark objects.”

The recent breakthroughs by the BESIII collaboration have come about through a dedicated study of the byproducts of the anomalous Y(4260) particle.

Using the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BEPCII) in China, scientists tuned the energy at which electrons and positrons annihilate matter to 4260 MeV, which corresponds to the mass of the Y(4260) particle. The BESIII Collaboration used this method to directly produce and collect large samples of the particle’s byproducts, or decays.

This experimental method allowed the BESIII collaboration to first observe the Zc(3900) and then the Zc(4020). Also recently spotted in the decays is the electrically neutral X(3872), a particle that has been experimentally established for more than 10 years, and has long been suspected to be a four-quark object.

“The year 2013 has so far been an exciting one for the BESIII experiment,” Harris said. “Using decays of the Y(4260), a family of four-quark objects has begun to appear. While the theoretical picture remains to be finalized, more and more clues are suggesting that we are witnessing new forms of matter. And while a new ‘zoo’ of mysterious particles is emerging, it seems a new classification system may soon be at hand to understand it.”

###

About the BESIII Experiment:

The Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) experiment at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider is composed of about 350 physicists from 50 institutions in 11 countries. U.S. groups include Carnegie Mellon University, Indiana University, The University of Minnesota, The University of Rochester, as well as physicists in the High Energy Physics Group, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa.

The scientists have reported their findings to the scientific journal Physical Review Letters, including:

Observation of Z_c(4040) in e+e- –> D*D*- pi+ process at 4.26 GeV

arXiv:1308.2760

Observation of a charged charmoniumlike structure Z_c(4020) and search for the Z_c(3900) in e+e- to pi+pi-h_c

arXiv:1309.1896

Observation of a charged (DD*bar)- mass peak in e+e- –> pi+(DD*bar)-at Ecm=4.26 GeV

arXiv:1310.1163

Observation of the X(3872) in e+e- –> gamma pi+pi- J/psi at sqrt(s) around 4.26 GeV

arXiv:1310.4101



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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

8-Nov-2013

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Contact: Talia S. Ogliore
togliore@hawaii.edu
808-956-4531
University of Hawaii at Manoa


New charged charmonium-like states observed at BESIII


An international team of high-energy physicists says the discovery of an electrically charged subatomic particle called Zc(4020) is a sign that they have begun to unveil a whole new family of four-quark objects.

The Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) collaboration, which includes scientists from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, previously announced the discovery of a mysterious four-quark particle called Zc(3900) in April 2013.

“While quarks have long been known to bind together in groups of twos or threes, these new results seem to be quickly opening the door to a previously elusive type of four-quark matter,” said Frederick Harris, a professor of physics and astronomy at UH M?noa, and a spokesman for the BESIII experiment. “The unique data sample collected by the BESIII collaboration has continued to yield a stream of clues about the nature of multi-quark objects.”

The recent breakthroughs by the BESIII collaboration have come about through a dedicated study of the byproducts of the anomalous Y(4260) particle.

Using the Beijing Electron Positron Collider (BEPCII) in China, scientists tuned the energy at which electrons and positrons annihilate matter to 4260 MeV, which corresponds to the mass of the Y(4260) particle. The BESIII Collaboration used this method to directly produce and collect large samples of the particle’s byproducts, or decays.

This experimental method allowed the BESIII collaboration to first observe the Zc(3900) and then the Zc(4020). Also recently spotted in the decays is the electrically neutral X(3872), a particle that has been experimentally established for more than 10 years, and has long been suspected to be a four-quark object.

“The year 2013 has so far been an exciting one for the BESIII experiment,” Harris said. “Using decays of the Y(4260), a family of four-quark objects has begun to appear. While the theoretical picture remains to be finalized, more and more clues are suggesting that we are witnessing new forms of matter. And while a new ‘zoo’ of mysterious particles is emerging, it seems a new classification system may soon be at hand to understand it.”

###

About the BESIII Experiment:

The Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) experiment at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider is composed of about 350 physicists from 50 institutions in 11 countries. U.S. groups include Carnegie Mellon University, Indiana University, The University of Minnesota, The University of Rochester, as well as physicists in the High Energy Physics Group, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa.

The scientists have reported their findings to the scientific journal Physical Review Letters, including:

Observation of Z_c(4040) in e+e- –> D*D*- pi+ process at 4.26 GeV

arXiv:1308.2760

Observation of a charged charmoniumlike structure Z_c(4020) and search for the Z_c(3900) in e+e- to pi+pi-h_c

arXiv:1309.1896

Observation of a charged (DD*bar)- mass peak in e+e- –> pi+(DD*bar)-at Ecm=4.26 GeV

arXiv:1310.1163

Observation of the X(3872) in e+e- –> gamma pi+pi- J/psi at sqrt(s) around 4.26 GeV

arXiv:1310.4101



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Source: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-11/uoha-hpp110813.php
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Everpix, the Almost Amazing Photo Service, Is Dead

When the founders of Everpix first showed me their photo storage website back in February, I was really impressed. Finally someone was going to help me enjoy the mess of photos I’ve got scattered all over the internet. Unfortunately, the service will be shutting down next month. What a bummer.

Read more…


    







Source: http://feeds.gawker.com/~r/gizmodo/full/~3/ddNRVJj5ftQ/@marioaguilar
Category: hocus pocus   Niall Horan   diana nyad   Jameis Winston   olinguito  

Sure to please fans with some festive fun, Selena Gomez is scheduled to perform at halftime during the Dallas Cowboys’ game on Thanksgiving Day.

The event will begin the Salvation Army’s 123rd Red Kettle Campaign. “Dallas is my hometown,” the 21-year-old said today (November 3), and to be invited to perform on behalf of The Salvation Army is such a great honor.”

“Giving back is so important,” she continued. “And I am looking forward to kicking off the iconic Red Kettle Campaign and getting those bells ringing across the nation to help families and children in need.”

The Red Kettle Campaign, which provides food, shelter, clothes, toys and other services for families in need, has raised $1.75 billion since joining with the Cowboys on Thanksgiving Day in 1997.

Source: http://celebrity-gossip.net/selena-gomez/selena-gomez-1083574
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FILE – This March 2, 2013 file photo shows Republican strategist Karl Rove,of American Crossroads, speaking in Sacramento, Calif. Virtually unknown outside Washington, a coalition of hardline conservative groups are fighting to seize control of the Republican agenda. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)

FILE – This March 2, 2013 file photo shows Republican strategist Karl Rove,of American Crossroads, speaking in Sacramento, Calif. Virtually unknown outside Washington, a coalition of hardline conservative groups are fighting to seize control of the Republican agenda. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)

FILE – This Oct. 12, 2006 file photo shows former Indiana Rep. Chris Chocola, who leads the Club for Growth, speaking in South Bend, Ind. Virtually unknown outside Washington, a coalition of hardline conservative groups is fighting to seize control of the Republican agenda. (AP Photo/Joe Raymond, File)

(AP) — Virtually unknown outside Washington, a coalition of hard-line conservative groups is fighting to seize control of the Republican agenda.

Tea party allies like the Club for Growth, FreedomWorks and Heritage Action for America showed their might by insisting that the GOP embrace the government shutdown that hurt the nation’s economy and the party’s reputation.

Now emboldened, these groups are warning that their aggressive agenda-pushing tactics aren’t over — and they’re threatening retribution against Republicans who stand in their way.

“They refuse to learn,” Chris Chocola, a former Indiana congressman who leads the Club for Growth, says of lawmakers who buck the will of right-leaning groups. His group is already seeking or supporting primary challengers for 10 congressional Republican incumbents seeking re-election next fall.

Mainstream GOP groups — such as Karl Rove’s American Crossroads or the party’s formal campaign committees — question their more conservative counterparts’ role, fed up by their outsized influence in shaping the party’s current agenda.

For decades, interest groups like the National Rifle Association have shaped debates on single issues. But Republicans suggest that not since the Christian Coalition of the 1990s have outside forces played such a sweeping, integral role in guiding Republican priorities as the tea party-led fiscal conservatives have in the ongoing budget debate.

“You have a small group in Congress that has become the surrender caucus,” argues Illinois Rep. Adam Kinzinger. “They’ve surrendered their voting card to the wishes of these outside groups.”

Such divisions on display between the Republican Party’s pragmatic and ideological wings — and their affiliated outside groups — carry huge risk for the GOP heading into the 2014 midterm congressional elections. Republicans will seek to win power in the Senate and preserve their narrow House majority next fall.

But primaries that leave eventual nominees battered and broke for the general election could hamper that goal.

Nevertheless, tea party-aligned groups already are spending millions of dollars calling on compromise-minded Republican lawmakers from New Hampshire to Idaho to embrace more aggressive tactics against President Barack Obama’s agenda.

This is their message as Congress wrestles with health care implementation, considers immigration reform and gets ready for new rounds of debt talks: Republicans who work with the Democratic president do so at their peril.

It appears that no Republican is too large for these groups.

The Senate Conservatives Fund — founded by tea party hero and former South Carolina Sen. Jim DeMint — has launched television ads against Republican leaders, including Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, who helped craft the recent budget compromise that ended the shutdown. It also has criticized Sen. Jeff Flake of Arizona and Sen. Jonny Isakson of Georgia.

The Club for Growth also is targeting Oregon Rep. Greg Walden, despite his role as leader of the campaign committee charged with preserving the Republican House majority. The group already has launched a website entitled, “Primary My Congressman,” and so far identified 10 potential campaigns to unseat Republican incumbents.

That group and others also are spending hundreds of thousands of dollars to support a challenge against longtime Republican Sen. Thad Cochran, of Mississippi, in hopes of persuading him to retire. And the Tea Party Patriots is going after Sen. John Cornyn of Texas, Sen. Mark Kirk of Illinois and Sen. Kelly Ayotte of New Hampshire.

Behind the scenes, GOP campaign officials are urging donors to fund mainstream groups to counter the conservative outfits. These officials are doing so even as they question the right-flank’s ultimate effectiveness, given that its groups, although vocal, typically have far less money compared with other organizations standing with Republicans from the establishment wing.

The most powerful Republican allies from the last election — mainstream Republican groups such as the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, American Crossroads and its sister organization Crossroads GPS — poured more than $212 million combined into the 2012 election. Combined, the Club for Growth, Heritage Action and the Senate Conservatives Fund spent $21 million.

National GOP officials are watching for signs of rifts among the right-leaning groups, which could dilute their power. The shutdown debate itself exposed at least one disagreement.

The Club for Growth, FreedomWorks and Heritage Action for America defiantly insisted that any deal to end the shutdown and raise the nation’s debt ceiling must dismantle or delay Obama’s health care law. Lawmakers who didn’t stand them with them risked inviting primary challenges.

But some tea party allies like Americans for Prosperity, the group funded by conservative billionaires Charles and David Koch, opposed the tactics that led to the shutdown. Now that group is trying to move on, investing $2 million in a four-state ad campaign that hammers Democrats over the troubled health care law implementation.

“We’re convinced that repealing Obamacare is long-term effort,” AFP president Tim Phillips says, explaining why it didn’t sign onto the right-flank’s demands to defund the law as part of a budget compromise.

In a sign of another possible crack in the conservative coalition, a spokesman for Heritage Action for America says that in the near future, it likely will focus its health care criticism on Democrats, who stood together during the shutdown debate.

“There needs to be some breaks in that unity,” says Heritage spokesman Dan Holler. “That may happen naturally, or it may need to be forced.”

But Chocola said the Club for Growth wouldn’t stop pressuring Republicans, particularly as congressional leaders begin to debate a new budget package.

Chocola wouldn’t rule out another push to link such legislation to the president’s health care law, but said his group might shift its strategy if major shifts to entitlement programs are included.

As the possibility of a shutdown loomed large in September, the network of GOP outside groups disagreed over strategy.

Crossroads officials briefed members of Congress on internal polling that showed the shutdown strategy deeply unpopular. Given that, the group and its fellow mainstream Republican allies largely stayed silent, fearing influential talk show radio hosts and aggressive conservative activists would brand them as heretics.

Meanwhile, conservative groups grew even more vocal in pressuring House and Senate Republicans to refuse to budge from tea party demands to defund “Obamacare” as part of any budget deal.

Eventually, House Speaker John Boehner broke with the right flank and endorsed the bipartisan plan to end the 16-day shutdown and raise the debt limit. And 87 Republicans in the House and 18 in the Senate supported it.

The damage to the GOP was severe: a Washington Post-ABC News poll found that 63 percent of Americans now have a negative view of the Republican Party, the worst rating for the GOP in almost three decades.

___

Follow and Steve Peoples on Twitter: https://twitter.com/sppeoples and Philip Elliott: http://www.twitter.com/philip_elliott

Associated PressSource: http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2013-11-01-US-Budget-Battle-Conservative-Groups/id-62d39ca019144540ab743b399f7d168a
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(AP) — House Democrats pushing a comprehensive approach to overhauling the nation’s immigration system picked up the support of a third Republican on Wednesday.

Freshman Rep. David Valadao of California said he would back a measure that would provide a path to citizenship for the 11 million immigrants living here illegally and tighten border security. Valadao joins Republicans Reps. Jeff Denham of California and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida in announcing support for the Democratic bill.

Valadao signaled that his support for the measure was meant to increase pressure on House Republican leaders to act before year’s end. The Senate passed a comprehensive bill in June, but prospects remain murky for any House vote with just a few legislative weeks left.

“I have been working with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle to find common ground on the issue of immigration reform.” Valadao said in a statement. “Recently, I have focused my efforts on joining with likeminded Republicans in organizing and demonstrating to Republican leadership broad support within the party to address immigration reform in the House by the end of the year.”

Valadao said the House cannot wait on dealing with immigration.

Most House Republicans reject a comprehensive approach as well as the Senate bill, with many question offering citizenship to people who broke U.S. immigration laws to be in this country. The House Judiciary Committee has moved forward with individual, single-issue immigration bills.

Although House Republican leaders say they want to resolve the issue, which has become a political drag for the GOP, many rank-and-file House Republicans have shown little inclination to deal with it. The bitter standoff with President Barack Obama on the budget and near default further angered House Republicans, who have resisted any move that might give Obama an immigration overhaul, the top item on his second-term domestic agenda.

Numerous House Republicans are wary of passing any immigration legislation that would set up a conference with the Senate, fearing that they would lose out in final negotiations.

The Senate bill, strongly backed by the White House, includes billions for border security, a reworked legal immigration system to allow tens of thousands of high- and low-skilled workers into the country and a 13-year path to citizenship for the 11 million immigrants already here illegally.

The bill from House Democrats jettisoned the border security provision and replaces it with the Homeland panel’s version. That bill, backed by conservative Republicans and liberal Democrats, would require the homeland security secretary to develop a strategy to gain operational control of the border within five years and a plan to implement the strategy. It calls on the Government Accountability Office, Congress’ auditing and investigative arm, to oversee the steps being taken.

The bill doesn’t call for new spending, in contrast to the Senate bill, which includes $46 billion in new spending on drones, helicopters and other technology, a doubling of agents patrolling the border with Mexico and hundreds of miles of new fencing.

House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California said she was optimistic, although there has been no overt effort by House Republican leaders to move toward a vote.

“If this bill were brought to the floor, or a bill that is positive goes in a forward direction, while it might not meet every standard that we have in our bill, but takes us to the conference table in a positive way, we would be very enthusiastic about that,” Pelosi told reporters. “So as I said to the speaker: ‘However you want to do it, let’s just do it.’”

Associated PressSource: http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/89ae8247abe8493fae24405546e9a1aa/Article_2013-10-30-US-Congress-Immigration/id-41e699c7d95a4387b92a7ab2a2e4df46
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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

28-Oct-2013

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Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ia.ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California – Santa Barbara



(Santa Barbara, Calif.) An unintended legacy of California’s gold rush, which began in 1848, endures today in the form of mercury-laden sediment. New research by Michael Singer, associate researcher at UC Santa Barbara’s Earth Research Institute, shows that sediment-absorbed mercury is being transported by major floods from the Sierra Nevada mountains to Central Valley lowlands. The findings appear today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Contamination of food webs as a result of mercury-laden sediment, coupled with regional shifts in climate, poses a huge risk to the lowland ecosystems and to the human population as well because a lot of people eat fish from this system.

“This new study addresses a gap in the general theory of the evolution of toxic sediment emplaced by industrial mining, which enables anticipation, prediction and management of contamination to food webs,” Singer said.

His research shows that mercury stored in immense Sierran man-made sediment deposits is carried by the Yuba River and other nearby streams to the Central Valley lowlands during 10-year flood events, most recently in 1986 and 1997. His team used several independent datasets and modeling of the episodic process to demonstrate how mercury-laden sediment stored in deep river valleys more than 150 years ago travels hundreds of miles into ecologically sensitive regions.



The discovery of this process was serendipitous. Singer and a colleague were working in California’s Central Valley studying how quickly floodplains filled up with sediment when they came across Burma-Shave signs that said, “SAND.”

“We thought that was quite strange because the floodplains around us were so much finer composed of silt and clay materials,” recalled Singer. “So we followed the signs and ended up in a huge sand mine. They were mining sand by the truckload for the construction industry and said they would be doing so for at least the next several decades.”

It turns out that a massive flood in 1986 in the Yuba River Basin brought enough sand with it to bury a major rice field, which a savvy farmer then leased to the sand-mining operator. According to Singer, the upstream Yuba was the biggest gold-mining drainage of all the Sierra drainages used in the 19th century, so it made sense to think about possible mercury contamination because gold rush miners used mercury to separate gold.

“They didn’t just pan for gold,” Singer said. “That’s a romantic notion of gold mining. It was actually an industrial process whereby they sprayed giant high-pressure hoses, invented in 1852, at upland hillsides to wash the sediment downstream. Sides of mountains were washed away and sent downstream, and the sediment started filling in these confined river valleys, actually spreading all the way out to San Francisco Bay. This caused problems for steamboat operations and increased flooding on lowland farms. The U.S. government ultimately got involved and stopped the mining in 1884, which basically ended the gold rush overnight.”



Singer says mercury is currently a big problem in San Francisco Bay and the Delta. “People know there was gold mining in the Sierra Nevada and they know that there was mercury mining in the Coast Ranges, but they’re not really sure of the modern-day impact, especially when the contaminant sources are not directly by the bay,” he said. “People want to know what is causing contamination of the food webs of the Central Valley.”

The PNAS paper begins to answer that by documenting flood-driven fan erosion, sediment redistribution and a process called progradation, the growth of a sedimentary deposit farther out into the valley over time, which, in this case, spread the mercury-laden sediment into parts of the basin where there is higher risk of it being taken up by food webs.

The research team compared gold rush data with modern topographic datasets, which showed that the Yuba River was progressively cutting through the sediment and in the process leaving behind massive contaminated terraces along the riverbank. Flood data and modeling indicate that these terraces move only when a flood event is big enough to saturate them so that the terraces fail and the mercury-laden sediment is carried and driven downstream.

“There is a lot of sediment left in the system that is highly contaminated and readily available to be remobilized and sent downstream just because it’s sitting in unconsolidated sediments along the margins of a river that can become very big during a storm,” Singer said. “That susceptibility, coupled with projections for climate change in the region indicating more massive storms in the future, means that there is a dangerous synergy.”


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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:

28-Oct-2013

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Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ia.ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California – Santa Barbara



(Santa Barbara, Calif.) An unintended legacy of California’s gold rush, which began in 1848, endures today in the form of mercury-laden sediment. New research by Michael Singer, associate researcher at UC Santa Barbara’s Earth Research Institute, shows that sediment-absorbed mercury is being transported by major floods from the Sierra Nevada mountains to Central Valley lowlands. The findings appear today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Contamination of food webs as a result of mercury-laden sediment, coupled with regional shifts in climate, poses a huge risk to the lowland ecosystems and to the human population as well because a lot of people eat fish from this system.

“This new study addresses a gap in the general theory of the evolution of toxic sediment emplaced by industrial mining, which enables anticipation, prediction and management of contamination to food webs,” Singer said.

His research shows that mercury stored in immense Sierran man-made sediment deposits is carried by the Yuba River and other nearby streams to the Central Valley lowlands during 10-year flood events, most recently in 1986 and 1997. His team used several independent datasets and modeling of the episodic process to demonstrate how mercury-laden sediment stored in deep river valleys more than 150 years ago travels hundreds of miles into ecologically sensitive regions.



The discovery of this process was serendipitous. Singer and a colleague were working in California’s Central Valley studying how quickly floodplains filled up with sediment when they came across Burma-Shave signs that said, “SAND.”

“We thought that was quite strange because the floodplains around us were so much finer composed of silt and clay materials,” recalled Singer. “So we followed the signs and ended up in a huge sand mine. They were mining sand by the truckload for the construction industry and said they would be doing so for at least the next several decades.”

It turns out that a massive flood in 1986 in the Yuba River Basin brought enough sand with it to bury a major rice field, which a savvy farmer then leased to the sand-mining operator. According to Singer, the upstream Yuba was the biggest gold-mining drainage of all the Sierra drainages used in the 19th century, so it made sense to think about possible mercury contamination because gold rush miners used mercury to separate gold.

“They didn’t just pan for gold,” Singer said. “That’s a romantic notion of gold mining. It was actually an industrial process whereby they sprayed giant high-pressure hoses, invented in 1852, at upland hillsides to wash the sediment downstream. Sides of mountains were washed away and sent downstream, and the sediment started filling in these confined river valleys, actually spreading all the way out to San Francisco Bay. This caused problems for steamboat operations and increased flooding on lowland farms. The U.S. government ultimately got involved and stopped the mining in 1884, which basically ended the gold rush overnight.”



Singer says mercury is currently a big problem in San Francisco Bay and the Delta. “People know there was gold mining in the Sierra Nevada and they know that there was mercury mining in the Coast Ranges, but they’re not really sure of the modern-day impact, especially when the contaminant sources are not directly by the bay,” he said. “People want to know what is causing contamination of the food webs of the Central Valley.”

The PNAS paper begins to answer that by documenting flood-driven fan erosion, sediment redistribution and a process called progradation, the growth of a sedimentary deposit farther out into the valley over time, which, in this case, spread the mercury-laden sediment into parts of the basin where there is higher risk of it being taken up by food webs.

The research team compared gold rush data with modern topographic datasets, which showed that the Yuba River was progressively cutting through the sediment and in the process leaving behind massive contaminated terraces along the riverbank. Flood data and modeling indicate that these terraces move only when a flood event is big enough to saturate them so that the terraces fail and the mercury-laden sediment is carried and driven downstream.

“There is a lot of sediment left in the system that is highly contaminated and readily available to be remobilized and sent downstream just because it’s sitting in unconsolidated sediments along the margins of a river that can become very big during a storm,” Singer said. “That susceptibility, coupled with projections for climate change in the region indicating more massive storms in the future, means that there is a dangerous synergy.”


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Source: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-10/uoc–urd102813.php
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